Bruce J. Spencer, PhD, MA, LMHC, LMSW, NCC, has 44 years of experience as a clinician and administrator of inpatient mental health and chemical dependency programs, including 10 years of independent clinical practice. He holds a doctorate in clinical psychology and has 10 years of experience as an adjunct professor of psychology. Additionally, he has written curricula for ethics and solution-focused treatment and published numerous articles about ethics. Specializing in ethical issues, he has more than 1,000 hours of advanced education in ethics, a certification in Advanced Ethical Studies, and has presented ethics seminars for 40 years. He is licensed in Washington (LMHC) and Michigan (LMSW), as well as by the National Board of Counselors Association.
Financial: Bruce Spencer receives a speaking honorarium and recording royalties from PESI, Inc. He has no relevant financial relationships with ineligible organizations.
Non-financial: Bruce Spencer has no relevant non-financial relationships.