Do you have a client so chaotic in his or her presentation, that you literally don't know where to start?
Too often, this causes a phenomenon I call therapy whack-a-mole – you spend each session taking care of the biggest problems that popped up this week, but you never seem to make any real progress with the client.
The diary card is a simple DBT tool that will help you hone in on what is most important to deal with right now. DBT uses diary cards to track anything that is important to your client’s well-being, treatment, and/or process of change as well as the skills they practice. In many ways the diary card is like an abbreviated journal that guides progress, and it provides a wealth of information that allows the therapist support and set priorities for time in session together.
Some DBT therapists and programs use a standard diary card that monitors issues common to DBT clients, and other therapists and programs create specialized diary cards for particular client populations (e.g., children, adolescents, people with chronic pain) or even for each individual client.
Standard diary cards track key areas of concern for DBT clients, including self-injurious and therapy-interfering behaviors. Diary cards also have space to list the skills practiced, space to write down feelings, and space to record gratefulness. Some therapists and programs will also have clients monitor their treatment goals and objectives on the diary card.
Diary cards are typically completed every day, preferably at the same time, with information from the previous 24 hours from time it is filled out. Most people spend 5 to 15 minutes to thoughtfully complete the card.
Diary cards are a great aid to help clients reach their goals. Additional benefits of consistent use include:
I’d like to share some free examples of standard diary cards and blank diary cards for you to customize for your client population, as well as instructions for use. Click here to download the free worksheets and to watch the free video.
Lane Pederson Psy.D, LP, has provided Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) training and consultation to over 10,000 professionals in the United States, Australia, South Africa, Dubai, Canada, and Mexico through his training and consultation company, Lane Pederson and Associates, LLC (www.DrLanePederson.com). A real world practitioner, Dr. Pederson co-owns Mental Health Systems, PC (MHS), one of the largest DBT-specialized practices in the United States with four clinic locations in Minnesota (www.mhs-dbt.com). At MHS Dr. Pederson has developed DBT programs for adolescents, adults, people with dual disorders, and people with developmental disabilities. He has served as clinical and training directors, has directed practice-based clinical outcome studies, and has overseen the care of thousands of clients in need of intensive outpatient services.
Dr. Pederson’s DBT publications include The Expanded Dialectical Behavior Therapy Skills Training Manual, Second Edition (PESI, 2017); Dialectical Behavior Therapy: A Contemporary Guide for Practitioners (Wiley, 2015); and Dialectical Behavior Therapy Skills Training in Integrated Dual Disorder Treatment Settings (PESI, 2013).